the Polish sector. Furthermore, the Kremlin announced the formation
of Polish forces subordinated to the Soviet Government. They had
taken the first step along the road towards the establishment of a com-
petitive centre of authority, with the ultimate aim of replacing the Polish
. . . The British people . . . ask each other uneasily, what is this trend
in the war that causes the Press suddenly to attack all our friends, all those
who bore the brunt of the fight " against Nazi aggression."
Unhappily the people can only look to the Press for their information,
and this leads me to say (as I hope you will allow me to say) that in all iny
experience I have never known (not even in Germany or other dictatorship
States) the picture of affairs in foreign countries to be so falsified in pre-
sentation to the reading public, as is the picture of Poland;, Yugoslavia
and Greece in the information laid before the British people by the radio
and the Press to-day. It is hypocrisy to assert that any freedom of the
Press exists in this country to-day, while, in the matter of these three
countries, the future of which affects us as closely and vitally as did that
of Czecho-Slovakia in 1938, some secret ban has quite clearly been laid
on the publication of authentic information.
(Reed, Douglas, Time and Tide, January 15, 1943).
. . . even more disturbing to a British public used to freedom and free
expression of opinion and to a regard for truth;, no matter how it may
conflict with previously held ideologies^ a large section of the British Press
heaps abuse on all these Governments who have sacrificed everything
for us, while our own Press is muzzled, and the patriotic achievements of
their underground and other fighters is kept out of our Press and our radio.
British public opinion is thereby deceived as to the nature of our friends.
(Graham, Alan, House of Commons, February 22, 1944).
The Soviet anti-Polish campaign in the cotmtries of the Allies, owing
to its scope and intensity, was a phenomenon unique in the annals of
When Germany and the Soviet Union were both striving to digest
their halves of Poland with the greatest possible expediency, their
tactics in propaganda and slogans were identical, the keynote being
c Poland is now finally eradicated from the register of life * and
her murder had been * right' and c necessary for the sake of humanity/
Hitler's invasion of Russia interrupted this activity on the part of the
Kremlin but only for just so long as its master was seeking help from
the United Nations. When the crisis of the Soviet State was over and
Stalin had begun to clear the air in the spring of 1942, with the intention
of obtaining the consent of Britain and the U*S,A. to the re-annexation
of those countries (already held once through the Soviet's agreement
with Hitler), the verbal campaign against Poland recommenced, with
Moscow gradually increasing its potency. la the early spriag of 1943
when the severance of the Russo-Polish relations occurred it seemed as if